Anxiety, the emotional state of fearfulness, apprehension or a feeling of impending disaster without reasonable explanation may reach highly distressing and disabling proportions and a person experiencing may be completely overwhelmed by it. He cannot control his feelings and at the same time will agree that there is no logical reason for the magnitude of his feeling. He may not even be able to ascertain the cause of his anxiety. The person may have rapid pulse, dry mouth, difficulty in breathing, excessive perspiration, dizziness and tremor. Most people will probably recognize at least some of these feelings as part of their life experience at some time. Anxiety reaches the level of an abnormal symptom when it is intense and frequent -though.
Phobia is an unreasonable fear of innocuous object or an object that would not trigger fear in an average person. The term phobia is applied when there exists an extreme fear not objectively based on any danger involved. Fear of open space, fear of closed space, fear of infection and fear of light are some of many phobias that have been described in technical terms.
Apathy, the person affected has too little emotional response. The emotions are dulled and nothing seems to matter to the person He is completely indifferent to circumstances and events that to others have a strong emotional tenor. After a physical fatigue or after prolonged severe illness, the normal person may have these feelings but when physical vigor returns the feeling of numbness disappear. Abnormal apathy, however cannot adequately be explained by such physical factors.
Depression. Occasional moments of depression are part of normal experience but depression is an abnormal symptom that has certain identifying features. It is prolonged, overwhelming, without sufficient cause and may lead to suicide attempts. A depressed person has a feeling of worthlessness and failure, is weighed down by sadness which he may or may not try to justify. The feeling of hopelessness pervades all waking experience and he becomes retarded in activity and unresponsive to his immediate environment.
Furor. Exaggerated or even explosive outburst of rage and anger are given the psychiatric label of furor. This symptom may occur in schizophrenia, epilepsy, senility and in some other organic disorders. In such attacks, a person may become widely destructive. Hospitalization and control by expert is imperative. This stereotype is what people think as “going insane” or are worried and ashamed because some member of their family needs psychiatric care. Most people are surprised at the relatively peaceful and serene atmosphere of a psychiatric ward.